German East Africa December 1916 to January 1917

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German East Africa December 1916 to January 1917

Berichtdoor Tandorini » 01 nov 2012, 21:38

The formation of the 2nd Regiment of the King's African Rifles

When the Great War commenced in August 1914 "A", "B", "C" and "E" Companies of the 1st (Nyasaland, now Malawi) Regiment of the King's African Rifles (KAR) were deployed on border duty in British East Africa (BEA, now Kenya). These four companies remained in BEA and were constantly involved in operations against parties of German raiders who were attempting to demolish sections of the Uganda Railway.

On 1 April 1916 the four companies contained 51 British officers and 353 Askari. On that day at Nairobi, BEA all the companies were re-designated as the 2nd Regiment of the KAR. On 12 April a draft of 1,115 non-commissioned officers and men from Nyasaland joined the new regiment. During May the authorities decided to split the regiment into two battalions, the 1st and 2nd Battalions, which were designated as 1st/2nd (1/2) KAR and 2nd/2nd (2/2) KAR. 1/2 KAR was primarily composed of Yao Askari whilst 2/2 KAR was manned predominantly by Atonga and Angoni Askari.

Initial movements of the two battalions

1/2 KAR, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel L H Soames (East Kent Regiment), left Nairobi on 4 August 1916 and entrained to Korogwe in German East Africa (GEA, now Tanzania). The unit strength was 21 British officers, 2 British Warrant Officers and 511 African ranks, a training detachment having been left at Mbagathi under Major G J Giffard (West Surrey Regiment). Eight horses were also on the strength of the battalion. 1/2 KAR then marched down the line of communication to Morogoro on the German Central Railway that ran from Dar Es Salaam to Lake Tanganyika. The battalion had no contact with the enemy and returned to Korogwe. On 4 October it embarked at Tanga on HMT Ingoma for Kilwa Kivinje, a newly developed British base on the GEA coast south of Dar Es Salaam. Disembarkation was completed on 7 October at the deep-water anchorage of Kilwa Kisiwani, and the battalion marched the 30 kilometres to Kilwa Kivinje where it arrived the following day.

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NEC JACTANTIA NEC METU ("zonder woorden, zonder vrees")

Avatar:De Siciliaanse vlag,oorspronkelijk uit 1282,de triskelion (trinacria) in het midden,is van oorsprong een oud Keltisch zonnesymbool.

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